Primary Research:online questionnaire

In this independent study period, I read as many essays, dissertations, related chapters, paragraphs in books as I can. Meanwhile, I also did a survey myself by publishing a questionnaire on www.wjx.cn. 

The reading list cover a range of topics related to the question I have addressed, including female significance, gender relations, family education, and the characteristics of domestic relationships in China.  I am not only read Chinese materials but also some English documents, for instance, Women’s efficiency in decision making and their perception of their status in the family by Behice Erci, which is published via Journal of Public Health Nursing. This essay helps me to know women’s efficiency in decision making, their perception of their status within the family, and their demographic characteristics in Turkey. Reading international information can help me to have a more objective and balanced understanding of the features of Chinese current situation. Besides, by reading different countries’ materials, I gradually realized that the reason for a woman to become a housewife is depend on so many aspects, such as their society situations, cultures, their jobs and so on.

In terms of the survey, its purpose are trying to fully understand the situation of stay-at-home parents in China, try to find out the attitudes on stay-at-home parents from male and female, then to better understand the changing status of women in the context of the present era.

As I mentioned in previous leaning log, I did a normal test on the views of stay-at-home parents by Menti.com. I used to hope that I can gain at least 300 results, but I overlooked the difficulty in the time of people can attend at same time. it is hard to get 300 people together to use Menti.com. Hence, I use another website to post 2 questionnaires(in Chinese,one for male, the other is for female ), people who want to participate in this survey, just scan the following QR codes.

 

The purpose of this social survey is to understand the situation of housewives in all aspects of China. To better understand the changing status of women in the context of the present era.

  • Questionnaire A: For men 

Housewife situation Questionnaire (for married male)

The purpose of this social survey is to understand the situation of housewives in all aspects of China in order to better understand the changing status of women in the context of the present era. Your opinion is very important to us, please fill in carefully. You are very welcome to make suggestions on our subject and comment on the shortcomings. This questionnaire is anonymous, all the answers are only for statistical analysis, please fill in with confidence. Thank you for participating in our survey!

1.Your age

a.20-29 years

b.30-39 years

c.40-49 years

d.50 years old and above

2.Does your wife have experience as a housewife?

  • Yes
  • No

3.You prefer women to do

  • Housewife
  • Professional Women
  • Freelancer
  • Let it be free to choose

4.Your attitude towards modern women is

  • Supporting women’s freedom to pursue self-worth
  • Take the family as the core, develop oneself moderately
  • Should take the family as the core, wholeheartedly for the family service
  • Without interference, let it be free to choose

5.Do you think modern women are more willing to do

  • Housewife
  • Professional Women
  • Freelancer
  • Make the choice that makes it natural

6.You feel that women choose to be housewives(Multi-choice)

  • It’s a voluntary choice.
  • is the established role of society
  • is a necessary sacrifice to the family.
  • Restricting women’s self-development
  • Without limiting women’s self-development

7.What do you think Housewives are paying(Multi-choice)

  • Educate the next generation, should obtain the society’s great affirmation and the attention
  • Should get certain degree of affirmation and attention of society
  • No need for too much affirmation and attention
  • have been given due affirmation and attention
  • Not getting enough affirmation and attention
  • No definite attitude

8.Do you think when the family needs more investment

  • Women should leave their jobs and take care of their families
  • Men should leave their jobs and take care of their families
  • The couple took turns to leave work and take care of the family
  • Both spouses do not give up work and seek help from other family members
  • Both husband and wife do not give up their work and actively increase their investment in the family after work

9.What do you think the pressure of men and women comes from, respectively?(Multi-choice)

Earn money to support families Educating future generations Family Care Looking for better development Contributing to society and realizing self-worth
Men
Women

10.What do you think is the trend of current society?(Multi-choice)

  • Increase in the number of women choosing to be housewives
  • Reduction in the number of women choosing to be housewives
  • Increase in the number of men choosing to be a stay-at-home dad
  • The male choice to be a stay-at-home dad does not appear
  • Other

11.Your comments and suggestions on this topic or this questionnaire.

 

  • Questionnaire B: For other unmarried people

Housewife Survey Questionnaire (other unmarried persons)

The purpose of this social survey is to understand the situation of housewives in all aspects of China. To better understand the changing status of women in the context of the present era. Thank you for participating in our survey. Your opinion is very important to us, please fill in carefully. You are very welcome to make suggestions on our subject and comment on the shortcomings. This questionnaire is anonymous, all the answers are only for statistical analysis, please fill in with confidence. Thank you!

1.You are

  • Students in school
  • Other

2.Your gender:

  • Man
  • Woman

3.Does your mother have experience as a housewife?

  • Yes
  • No

4.Do you think housewives

  • A. A great contribution to society
  • B. A great contribution to the family
  • C. Contribution to the family as much as the breadwinner
  • D. Less contribution to the family

5.Do you think housewives(Multi-choice)

  • A. More leisure time, easy life
  • B. More free time, no purpose in life
  • C. The son of a teacher, the pressure is great
  • D. The son of a child, life enrichment meaningful
  • E. Other

6.What do you think of women being housewives?

  • A. Life is meaningful and can achieve the value of women
  • B. The sacrifices women deserve to make for their families
  • C. Denying women the opportunity to pursue their dreams and values
  • D. Other evaluations

7.You think housewives compare with women in the workplace

  • A. The pressure of housewife’s life is greater
  • B. Women in the workplace have a stressful life
  • C. The same level of stress in both life
  • D. Don’t know

8.What do you think is the easiest problem for housewives to face?(Multi-choice)

  • A. Economic issues
  • B. Children’s educational problems
  • C. Own spiritual Emptiness, dreams and values can not be realized
  • D. Not be respected and valued by the people around you
  • E. Other

9.Do you think that when the family has the need

  • A. Women are more likely to give up work and be housewives
  • B. Men are more likely to abandon their jobs and make family cooks
  • C. Will not give up work
  • D. Husband and wife give up work alternately, take care of family

10.Do you think that in the Modern Family (Multi-choice)

  • A. Women who choose to be housewives will increase
  • B. Women who choose to be housewives will reduce
  • C. Men who choose to be a family cook will increase
  • D. Men who choose to be a family cook will reduce
  • E. Male choice to be a family cook does not exist

11.What do you think Housewives are paying

  • A. Great recognition from society
  • B. A certain degree of social affirmation
  • C. Lack of recognition and respect
  • D. Special attention needs to be given to society

12.Do you think that someone in the family should give up working as a housewife or a family cook?

  • A. Believe that women should abandon their jobs and take care of their families
  • B. Believe that men should abandon their jobs and take care of their families
  • C. Should not give up work
  • D. In the case of children in the home, it is hoped that women will be able to give up work over a period of time
  • E. Other

13.Your any comments and suggestions on the topic of this questionnaire or housewives.

 

 

*Above are the translate version of the original questionnaires.

 

 

Intervention B

 

Today, I did an intervention, again. Compare with the last intervention which my blog previous blog post, I changed a bit of the way to operate it. It is like an online workshop.

There were about 500 people participated in my previous questionnaires, hence I thought at least 30 people may willing to attend my intervention. The result was only 6 women and 2 men are willing to join and help with my further research.

Firstly, I created a WeChat group, and invite them into this group. Then, gave everyone one minute to send a voice message into this group to simply describe their attitudes or opinions on stay-at-home parents in China society.  After this, there were ten minutes for them to listen to other 7 people’s voice messages and think about the similar points and differences between each other. At this point, I gave them my research question and let them think about it and give an idea of how to deal with this question in their own way. Then, I shared my idea which is to create an interactive space for a housewife to share and learn together with them, and according to mine, we discussed together.

In general, this time the intervention is happening as the plan. I will try to summarize all our conversations recently and translate it into an English version as my evidence of this intervention.

(I have to say intervention makes me crazy…)

Here are the FEEDBACKS!

After this intervention, I feel that my shreds of evidence are weak.

Re-think the way to address my question

I changed my question from:

‘How can interactive space enable Chinese parents to develop a community of practicing and sharing in a supportive network?’

to:

‘How can interactive space enable modern Chinese parents to develop a community to share in a supportive network and change the mind of those people who have stereotypes on stay-at-home parents in China?’

It seems that I changed my question.

But to some extend, I didn’t.

: (

 

Chinese family education features

22 October,2016, the “First Chinese parent Festival” and “The International Forum of the Family School and Parent Education” organized by China’s next generation Working committee career Development Center, China Next Generation Education Foundation, UNESCO CISV China headquarters and Binzhou Municipal government, were held in Binzhou, Shandong province.

The forum released the “China Family education status” white paper.

The survey began in May 2014, lasted 2 years, the national 28 provinces and cities of the parents conducted questionnaires and network surveys, more than 30 experts carried out a statistical and analysis. The white paper also reflects some of the characteristics of parents in education.

If in the education “father” the role still has some degree vacancy. Parents always pay high request to their children, but often exceeds the actual situation.

Father-led education is less than 20% of the family. In the traditional sense, many people think that the “inside” of the male and female, of course, includes the education of the children in the family. Until now, both abroad and at home, the proportion of mothers in the education of children is always greater than the father.

The survey found that more than half of the families were taught by mothers, while less than 20% of fathers dominated their children’s education. This shows that although both spouses attach great importance to the education of their children, but the proportion of the father in the actual education process can be put into practice is not high. In fact, the father’s influence on the growth of children is very important, the child’s self-confidence, courage and other qualities need father’s guidance.

Education children often need rational thinking mode, but the mother more sensitive, so in the course of children’s education is often not calm, and the father mostly more rational, such psychological characteristics of the most suitable for the education of children, but the result is that the proportion of the father involved in the child education is far less than the mother. Although most parents are advancing with the times in educational ideas, there are still many puzzles and problems in their children’s education.

It is not known that the education methods accounted for 37.82%, no time to educate children accounted for 26.19%, family members of the disagreement accounted for 15.93%. For the most important task of family education, nearly 40% of parents think it should be to teach children the truth, 30% parents think it should be to teach children survival ability.

Compared to the 90 ‘s, parents have been able to distinguish between family education and schooling, and the concept of education has made some progress.

More than 40% of parents think children are generally The data showed that only 27.61% of parents were satisfied with their children’s academic performance, and that their children’s average parents accounted for more than 40%.

This shows that academic performance is still the focus of parents ‘ attention, and children’s achievements to meet the needs of parents are not so easy. In fact, not every child can read the best results, parents in the treatment of academic performance problems still need a rational attitude.

Fortunately, when the child’s grades are not ideal, close to 77% of the parents can understand the situation, find out why, blame, nagging is only a minority. Similarly, there are not many parents who think their children are very good as a whole, just over 20%, and most parents just think their children are OK. In fact, the parents of children’s satisfaction related to the child’s self-confidence, learning enthusiasm and life enthusiasm, the child’s lifelong development is very important.

This shows that parents to the child’s evaluation standard is high, most family evaluation system needs to do some adjustment, parents need to establish a systematic family evaluation system.

Parents don’t approve of children doing housework to make money In the family education of our country, how to cultivate the children’s view of money has been paid attention to. With regard to the education of wealth, more than 60% of parents think it should start from primary school, and 11% of parents think that education should be instilled in children from kindergarten.

And for the content of the concept of wealth, more than 47% of parents think that the most important stage is to let children learn to manage money, and 1/4 of parents think that children should learn to earn money, only 6.5% of parents ready to let their children try to invest. Since the beginning of this century, education experts have advocated for foreign families to make money for their children’s housework.

But according to the survey, the parents who accepted the idea were just over 10%, while 74.38% of parents thought that doing housework had nothing to do with pocket money.

Seven parents pay attention to careless problems and worry about their children’s lack of concentration In addition, the survey also focused on the child’s growth in a number of details. For example, after the child in school, carelessness has become a commonplace topic, which also caused the parents to pay attention to the problem of carelessness. 73.56% of parents think that carelessness is not a minor problem, reflecting the lack of focus on the ability.

At the same time, most parents think their children’s focus is generally or not good enough. Emotional quotient of primary and secondary school students and how parents cultivate their children’s EQ is a key point of this survey. Most parents expressed satisfaction with their children’s emotional self-control. Satisfaction accounted for 22.62%, more satisfactory accounted for 53.11%, not satisfied accounted for 22.8%.

Some experts say children’s self-control is closely related to their parents. Most parents think their children are able to encourage themselves to overcome difficulties when they are in trouble, with a choice of 35.77%, sometimes 50.14%. In addition, most parents think their children are more confident, accounting for 77.41%. In the “children decide things can stick to the end of the” option, choose “Regular” accounted for 30.89%, choose “Sometimes” accounted for 54.17%, choose “little” accounted for 13.75%.

 

National Family Education Survey

After the results of the second National Family Education Survey, the National Women’s Federation Children’s work Department released the main results and core data of the survey of the National Family education status. The survey of primary and secondary school parents as the main object of investigation, covering Beijing, Tianjin and other 28 provinces and cities in 93 cities and counties. The survey method was mainly based on questionnaire, supplemented by Literature research and Network survey. What are some of the new findings of this investigation?

1, the parents ‘ family education concept and behavior overall situation is getting better

90% or so parents of minors in the family protection of the legal provisions of the agreement; more than 90% parents feel good family relationships, more than 80% feel happy with their children, parents to their own education responsibilities of the rational, parents most value the education responsibility.

In the first five places are: “Cultivate good behavior habits”, “teach children to distinguish between right and wrong”, “teach children to learn self-protection”, “Parents lead by example” and “Create a warm family environment”; Parents ‘ conception of fertility pays more attention to the enrichment of family life and the happiness of their own life; parents of the concept of talent tend to the mainstream values of society and more pragmatic, parents first choice is to want the child to become “respect for the elderly and love the young have a sense of family responsibility”, the ratio reached 78.3%, followed by the “happy and Healthy People”, reached 76.1%, the third is ”

Law-abiding people, honest and trustworthy person “, accounted for 65.7%.

2, parents ‘ family education still has some outstanding tendency problem Most parents have different levels of parenting anxiety, parents are most worried about their children, ranked in the first six places are: “Personal security issues”, “poor academic performance”, “not form good behavior habits”, “mental health problems”, worried about the children “bad health” and “Addicted to the network”, the mother of the Division of Family Education, father ” Absent “nearly half; the survey also found that parents are too concerned about children’s learning, more than 70% parents” with their children writing industry “, some parents lack of children’s work, sports and other abilities, parents think the worst child is” housework ability. ”

Parents are deficient in the study of children’s law and have studied less than 10% of them seriously.

3, the family education faces the new challenge of the Internet development

Internet popularization of the general trend, children online nearly 70%, 66.8% of parents said their children online, rural children online access rate reached 57.7%; parents have no advantage in Internet applications, admitting that “children are stronger than me” and “I am equal to children” over 60%; The role of the Internet in children makes parents happy and mixed; to the children on the Internet, up to 95.6% of the parents said that will be, more than 70% parents use the internet to obtain family education knowledge and help, from the media use the most, access to knowledge and help of tutoring in the top four channels in order is: “Micro-trust public platform”, “qq/parents Group”

, “Children’s School/class website”, online parent school.

4. Parents ‘ demand for family education guidance service is strong Parents face four difficulties in family education, in turn, “Do not know what method to teach children”, “tutoring children to learn powerless”, “too busy, no time”, “do not understand the idea of children”, rural parents encountered difficulties than urban parents more prominent; parents encounter problems more by their own solution, more than 30% parents ”

Has not received the Family education Instruction Service “, Parents received the guidance of family education agencies and organizations, ranked in the top three are: the education sector of kindergartens and schools, the Women’s Federation System of Family Education guidance service agencies, free social organizations, more than 60% parents of family education guidance expressed satisfaction.

According to the survey results, in the access to family education guidance channels, rural parents need to broadcast TV programs, urban parents more need network new media, urban and rural differences are significant.

According to the results of the survey, the National Women’s Federation Children’s work Department put forward suggestions:

First, do a good job in family education to develop the top level design,

Further improve the relevant policy measures of family education, propose to introduce family education law as soon as possible, the popularization of family education knowledge publicity and parental family education guidance services into the scope of public services, the establishment of family educational guidance qualification system, family education to guide the relevant institutions to access the system.

Second, grasp the scientific concept and direction of family education dissemination,

This paper systematically combs the relevant laws and policy provisions concerning children’s rights and parental responsibilities, transforms them into compulsory readings for parents ‘ necessary reading and family education guidance, and strengthens the special training of family education instructors and media practitioners, and directs and supervises their communication direction.

The third is an effective platform for parents to educate themselves actively.

Build the information platform, the mass media, especially the Internet, should be the main channel to guide the family education in modern society, set up the activity platform, through various forms of family education knowledge popularization activities, propaganda practice activities, for parents to create learning, participation, sharing conditions and atmosphere, build mutual aid platform, support and encourage the development of parent self-help organizations

Four is to cultivate the family education social organization. Further planning and research on the market-oriented operation of family education services, establishing a standardized management system on the basis of the maximum mobilization of civil organizations or institutions to guide the initiative of Service family education, so that it and the regularization of Family education guidance service agencies to achieve complementary advantages To provide “menu” services for parents on the basis of existing family education guidance.

Global family / parents situation : Australia

 

Australian mothers also have a similar maximum of two years of maternity leave, and most of them are not staying at home to take care of their children, and many people are learning to recharge and get ready to return to the workforce, says Hu Fang, an Australian observer for the Global Mandarin Broadcast network. The Government’s public vocational skills schools in Australia promote tenure teaching, and for local students, these vocational-technical schools are extremely inexpensive and almost negligible for the sake of employment promotion. Many universities also offer distance courses at home, and if they do not have the money to pay tuition fees, they can also pay this part directly from the government without interest-free loans. While some full-time moms have been away from the workplace for years, but there is no lag in understanding the new needs of the whole age and work, and by learning at a vocational or distance university, some full-time moms are often as energetic and energetic as the young students who have just studied when they re-enter the workforce. Hu Fang introduced, he knew a woman nearly more than 50 years old, was an accountant, and later stayed at home for a long time, and recently began to go to the government’s public skills school to learn to cook. Prepare to be a good cook when you graduate from a chef’s degree.

Global family / parents situation : German

In Germany, many mothers of many children still choose to stay at home for some time, so they are not worried about the difficulty of returning to the workplace? How are their lives protected? German observer for the Global Mandarin Broadcast network says Germany’s protection for families and women and children is well in place. The state has a lot of preferential treatment for maternity mothers. In order to raise the fertility rate and encourage working women to have children, Germany introduced a new measure a few years ago-parental leave. In addition to normal maternity leave, women are entitled to 12 months of parental leave to take care of their children at home. The post must be reserved and protected by law. And every month from the country to get wages about 67% of the living expenses. Depending on the actual needs, parental leave can be extended to 24 months, although the amount of subsistence to be maintained remains unchanged. For example, 12 months per month is 1800, 24 months per month is only 900. Germany’s laws on the family and women’s rights and interests of more stringent protection, but also in the system is very perfect in place. For example, in health insurance, if the husband and wife both have jobs, can be insured, if only one person to work, then one person to save the house. That is to say, the wife of a housewife, and all the children, can take the insurance of a man’s owner. Conversely, the husband at home, the wife to work, but also the family to take the wife’s insurance. Of course, this is a relatively rare situation in Germany.

Global family / parents situation : Korea

 

In South Korea, the tradition is husband work outside, wife focus more on the family. However, with the development of the ages and the change of education condition, more and more young mother began to be reluctant to give up their job. “Global Chinese Radio Network,” South Korean observer South Dawn, now South Korea’s primary school, according to the Ministry of Education regulations, there are lower care institutions, dual-earner children after school, there are special teachers with them to do homework, reading or painting, and so on, until the parents work to pick up. In addition, dual-earner families also use to send their children to various cram schools to kill time, to minimize the children of a person at home alone, unsafe situation. And now more and more grandparents do not want to children with children, in Korea to grandparents with children, to pay wages, this is basically a kind of unspoken rules. With the development of the times, people are increasingly not optimistic about the housewife, young women do not want to learn the appearance of mother as a housewife. The younger generation of housewives are now getting less and more, because it is very difficult for the children to return to their careers, and many women prefer to give their wages to their parents, or nannies, or lose their valuable careers while raising their children.