Essential Interventions

In the practical terms of the project, I have carried out four interventions, three of which are currently completed, and the fourth is under operating.

The first was a 40-minute event, inviting ten full-time wives to attend, sending each person a toolbox with production tools and some full-time wife life element cards. They need to use these materials to complete a bag of their own. Upon completion, by displaying the finished product of the package, several other full-time wives were introduced to their understanding, cognition, and hope of full-time missus life.  

Unfortunately, that time, my mind stayed in search of a few Chinese wives to participate in the event, I got one participant.

So the event lost the shared communication between the full-time wives of the original design and became my face-to-face communication with the participants.

Ms. Wan, the mother of a 2-year-old daughter.

 The feedback she gave me was as follows:

The third one is a 40-minute workshop which is happened in a cafe, in Beijing, involved two stakeholders. Firstly, I introduced my question. Then, I give them 10 minutes to share their stay-at-home life experiences. After this, they have a chance to think and give each other any recommendations and support in 10 minutes. Next, I asked them how they think about my projects and how can I get feedback when I go back to London. Finally, I asked them what their opinions on the way to build a supportive network in China are.

After this intervention, Mrs. Lee realized that there is another way of being a housewife. Mrs. Gao found that she is not only can be a stay-at-home mom but also she can influence other housewives by telling/ sharing her own experiences. She said she feels she can pass her energy to others who need. 

Ms. Li and Ms. Gao are attending my workshop

Yonghe Palace Cafe, Beijing, 2018

Based on the feedback given last time from Ms. Gao in the Cafe Workshop, I decided to adjust my research again. On the 1st of November, I designed a new intervention. I opened a WeChat official account named “Mrs. Circle,” I posted a project introduction on the account. At the end of the article asked everyone: Do you like this form? If you like, please do not like, please ignore. Do you think such a public number makes sense for a full-time wife? If you have any points, please comment. 

Up to now, a total of 223 likes and 44 reviews have been received.  

Screenshots of my post on WeChat official account.

The colorful pictures are the people’s profile who gave me a like on my research question and intervention. 

This shows part of the comments I have received. 

I will keep doing this intervention. Based on the current feedback from the intervention, it is easy to see that it is easier and more convenient to receive feedback from the WeChat official account than in all previous intervention ways. For stakeholders, this intervention approach is not coercive, and participation depends entirely on their personal willings. While this form seems to run counter to the original space or community I wanted to build, it was still a way to get access to the housewife’s group. In the process of developing this official account afterward, I will still try to establish a face-to-face space to facilitate online communication and communication between fans/spectators of this account.

The questions changed a lot…

  • In China, how can stay at home dads and moms do good in both childhood education, family relationship and also achieve their own value/ ambition?
  • How to create a face to face space to help Chinese stay at home moms share and learn from each other?
  • How can I create a face to face space to help Chinese stay at home parents share and learn from each other?
  • How can interactive space enable Chinese parents to develop a community of practice and sharing in a supportive network?
  • How to improve Chinese housewives’ stay-at-home life by creating an interactive space as a community for them to practice and share in a supportive network?
  • How can a weekly workshop create a supportive network for Chinese stay-at-home moms to share resources with each other?
  • How can a weekly workshop facilitate a supportive network that surfaces unrecognized resources in Chinese housewives? 
  • How to use WeChat Official Account to build a supportive network to facilitate communication in Chinese housewives? 

【24 AUGUST 】17: New intervention happened today!

 

Today, I did an intervention, again. Compare with the last intervention which my blog previous blog posted, I changed a bit of the way to operate it. It is like a online workshop.

There were about 500 people participated in my previous questionnaires, hence I thought at least 30 people may willing to attend my intervention. The result was only 6 women and 2 men are willing to join and help with my further research.

Firstly, I created a WeChat group, and invite them into this group. Then, gave everyone  one minute to send a voice message into this group to simply describe their attitudes or opinions on stay-at-home parents in China society.  After this, there was ten minutes for them to listen to other 7 people’s voice messages and think about the similar points and differences between each other. At this point, I gave them my research question and let them think about  it  and give an idea of how to deal with this question in their own way. Then, I shared my idea which is to create a interactive space for housewife to share and learn together with them, and according to mine, we discussed together.

In general, this time the intervention is the most successful one. At least almost everything is happening as the plan. I will try to summarize all our conversations recently and translate it into English version as my evidence of this intervention.

(I have to say intervention makes me crazy…)

【12 AUGUST 】16: Primary research results

I got 222 results from men, and 234 results from women.

An interesting phenomenon can be seen from the  survey results. 54.05% of men think women can choose whether to become housewives or other professions. It seems that most men are more likely to understand and support their wives and respect this profession. But from the women’s answer, the feedback is very different. For example, a participator said: housewife is a helpless choice, was the contribution to the family and personal sacrifice, should be given due respect. Another participator responded that the life of a housewife is not as easy as others think, the pressure of the children’s education is heavy. But now in our society does not pay enough focus and respect to this group of people. So I hope girls don’t try to be a stay-at-home mom. If want to try it, please just try a period, not for a life.

【03 AUGUST 】15: New intervention plan

PLAN FOR THE NEW COMING INTERVENTION

  1. Invite the people who participate in the survey I did previously into a WeChat group. By using this kind of digital way to start a workshop which includes a  debate between people who hold two different attitudes towards stay-at-home parents.
  2. Put participators in pairs of 2. And make sure they hold different attitudes. For example, the one has positive views on stay-at-home, the other one has mixed feeling or has negative feeling on it.
  3. Give them 20 minutes to talk in pairs and try to do a debate to persuade their partner via WeChat and after 20 minutes, let them do screenshots of their chatting memory and send it to me.
  4. Summarize their chatting memory, and see if I create some change to everyone who participate in this digital event. Meanwhile, gather new knowledge from those screenshots.

【31 JULY 】14: Primary Research

In this independent study period, I read as many essays, dissertations, related chapters, paragraphs in books as I can. Meanwhile, I also did a survey myself by publishing a questionnaire on www.wjx.cn. 

The reading list cover a range of topics related to the question I have addressed, including female significance, gender relations, family education, and the characteristics of domestic relationships in China.  I am not only read Chinese materials but also some English documents, for instance, Women’s efficiency in decision making and their perception of their status in the family by Behice Erci, which is published via Journal of Public Health Nursing. This essay helps me to know women’s efficiency in decision making, their perception of their status within the family, and their demographic characteristics in Turkey. Reading international information can help me to have a more objective and balanced understanding of the features of Chinese current situation. Besides, by reading different countries’ materials, I gradually realized that the reason for a woman to become a housewife is depend on so many aspects, such as their society situations, cultures, their jobs and so on.

In terms of the survey, its purpose are trying to fully understand the situation of stay-at-home parents in China, try to find out the attitudes on stay-at-home parents from male and female, then to better understand the changing status of women in the context of the present era.

As I mentioned in previous leaning log, I did a normal test on the views of stay-at-home parents by Menti.com. I used to hope that I can gain at least 300 results, but I overlooked the difficulty in the time of people can attend at same time. it is hard to get 300 people together to use Menti.com. Hence, I use another website to post 2 questionnaires(in Chinese,one for male, the other is for female ), people who want to participate in this survey, just scan the following QR codes.

 

The purpose of this social survey is to understand the situation of housewives in all aspects of China. To better understand the changing status of women in the context of the present era.

  • Questionnaire A: For men 

Housewife situation Questionnaire (for married male)

The purpose of this social survey is to understand the situation of housewives in all aspects of China in order to better understand the changing status of women in the context of the present era. Your opinion is very important to us, please fill in carefully. You are very welcome to make suggestions on our subject and comment on the shortcomings. This questionnaire is anonymous, all the answers are only for statistical analysis, please fill in with confidence. Thank you for participating in our survey!

1.Your age

a.20-29 years

b.30-39 years

c.40-49 years

d.50 years old and above

2.Does your wife have experience as a housewife?

  • Yes
  • No

3.You prefer women to do

  • Housewife
  • Professional Women
  • Freelancer
  • Let it be free to choose

4.Your attitude towards modern women is

  • Supporting women’s freedom to pursue self-worth
  • Take the family as the core, develop oneself moderately
  • Should take the family as the core, wholeheartedly for the family service
  • Without interference, let it be free to choose

5.Do you think modern women are more willing to do

  • Housewife
  • Professional Women
  • Freelancer
  • Make the choice that makes it natural

6.You feel that women choose to be housewives(Multi-choice)

  • It’s a voluntary choice.
  • is the established role of society
  • is a necessary sacrifice to the family.
  • Restricting women’s self-development
  • Without limiting women’s self-development

7.What do you think Housewives are paying(Multi-choice)

  • Educate the next generation, should obtain the society’s great affirmation and the attention
  • Should get certain degree of affirmation and attention of society
  • No need for too much affirmation and attention
  • have been given due affirmation and attention
  • Not getting enough affirmation and attention
  • No definite attitude

8.Do you think when the family needs more investment

  • Women should leave their jobs and take care of their families
  • Men should leave their jobs and take care of their families
  • The couple took turns to leave work and take care of the family
  • Both spouses do not give up work and seek help from other family members
  • Both husband and wife do not give up their work and actively increase their investment in the family after work

9.What do you think the pressure of men and women comes from, respectively?(Multi-choice)

Earn money to support families Educating future generations Family Care Looking for better development Contributing to society and realizing self-worth
Men
Women

10.What do you think is the trend of current society?(Multi-choice)

  • Increase in the number of women choosing to be housewives
  • Reduction in the number of women choosing to be housewives
  • Increase in the number of men choosing to be a stay-at-home dad
  • The male choice to be a stay-at-home dad does not appear
  • Other

11.Your comments and suggestions on this topic or this questionnaire.

 

  • Questionnaire B: For other unmarried people

Housewife Survey Questionnaire (other unmarried persons)

The purpose of this social survey is to understand the situation of housewives in all aspects of China. To better understand the changing status of women in the context of the present era. Thank you for participating in our survey. Your opinion is very important to us, please fill in carefully. You are very welcome to make suggestions on our subject and comment on the shortcomings. This questionnaire is anonymous, all the answers are only for statistical analysis, please fill in with confidence. Thank you!

1.You are

  • Students in school
  • Other

2.Your gender:

  • Man
  • Woman

3.Does your mother have experience as a housewife?

  • Yes
  • No

4.Do you think housewives

  • A. A great contribution to society
  • B. A great contribution to the family
  • C. Contribution to the family as much as the breadwinner
  • D. Less contribution to the family

5.Do you think housewives(Multi-choice)

  • A. More leisure time, easy life
  • B. More free time, no purpose in life
  • C. The son of a teacher, the pressure is great
  • D. The son of a child, life enrichment meaningful
  • E. Other

6.What do you think of women being housewives?

  • A. Life is meaningful and can achieve the value of women
  • B. The sacrifices women deserve to make for their families
  • C. Denying women the opportunity to pursue their dreams and values
  • D. Other evaluations

7.You think housewives compare with women in the workplace

  • A. The pressure of housewife’s life is greater
  • B. Women in the workplace have a stressful life
  • C. The same level of stress in both life
  • D. Don’t know

8.What do you think is the easiest problem for housewives to face?(Multi-choice)

  • A. Economic issues
  • B. Children’s educational problems
  • C. Own spiritual Emptiness, dreams and values can not be realized
  • D. Not be respected and valued by the people around you
  • E. Other

9.Do you think that when the family has the need

  • A. Women are more likely to give up work and be housewives
  • B. Men are more likely to abandon their jobs and make family cooks
  • C. Will not give up work
  • D. Husband and wife give up work alternately, take care of family

10.Do you think that in the Modern Family (Multi-choice)

  • A. Women who choose to be housewives will increase
  • B. Women who choose to be housewives will reduce
  • C. Men who choose to be a family cook will increase
  • D. Men who choose to be a family cook will reduce
  • E. Male choice to be a family cook does not exist

11.What do you think Housewives are paying

  • A. Great recognition from society
  • B. A certain degree of social affirmation
  • C. Lack of recognition and respect
  • D. Special attention needs to be given to society

12.Do you think that someone in the family should give up working as a housewife or a family cook?

  • A. Believe that women should abandon their jobs and take care of their families
  • B. Believe that men should abandon their jobs and take care of their families
  • C. Should not give up work
  • D. In the case of children in the home, it is hoped that women will be able to give up work over a period of time
  • E. Other

13.Your any comments and suggestions on the topic of this questionnaire or housewives.

 

 

*Above are the translate version of the original questionnaires.

 

 

【27 JULY 】13: Re-think the way to address my question

I changed my question from:

‘How can interactive space enable Chinese parents to develop a community of practicing and sharing in a supportive network?’

to:

‘How can interactive space enable modern Chinese parents to develop a community to share in a supportive network and change the mind of those people who have stereotypes on stay-at-home parents in China?’

It seems that I changed my question.

But to some extend, I didn’t.

: (

 

【21 JULY 】12: New reading list

1. Chinese part

白玲:《中国式全职太太的心理魔障》,《新闻周刊》,2004 年第 4 期。

蔡文辉:《婚姻与家庭》,台湾:五南图书出版社,2010 年。

陈再华:《妇女地位综合评价指标和探讨》,《中国人口科学》,1993 年第 6 期。 第二期中国妇女地位调查课题组:《第二期中国妇女地位抽样调查主要数据报告》,《妇女研究 论丛》2001 年第 5 期。 第三期中国妇女地位调查课题组:《第三期中国妇女地位抽样调查主要数据报告》,《妇女研究论 丛》,2011 年第 6 期。

丁文:《关于妇女社会地位指标体系的理论探讨》,《南京大学学报》,1995 年第 5 期。 韩贺南:《中国城市女性家庭地位与社会地位的关系》,《中国妇女管理干部学院学报》,1995 年第 1期。

柯力:《近代中国女性婚姻家庭地位的变化及原因分析》,《福建师范大学学报》,2010 年第 4 期。

凯特·米特利:《性政治》,钟良明译,北京:社会科学文献出版社,1999 年。 李银河:《妇女:最漫长的革命》,北京:三联书店,1996 年。

李银河:《女性权力的崛起》,北京:文化艺术出版社,2003 年。 李银河:《两性关系》,上海:华东师范大学出版社,2005 年。

玛丽·沃斯通克拉夫特:《女权辩护——关于政治和道德问题的批评》,王瑛译,北京:中央编译 出版社,2006 年。

沈崇麟:《世纪之交的城乡家庭》,北京:中国社会科学文献出版社,1999 年。

束佳:《女性主义社会性别理论发展与本土化》,《湖南科技学院学报》,2010 年第 10 期。

沙吉才:《当代中国妇女家庭地位研究》,天津:天津人民出版社,1995 年。

单艺斌:《当前妇女婚姻家庭地位评价方法浅析》,《财经问题研究》,2001 年第 8 期。 沈奕斐:《被建构的女性》,上海:上海人民出版社,2005 年。

沈奕斐:《后父权时代的中国——城市家庭内部权力关系变迁与社会》,《广西民族大学学报》,2009 年第6期。

石义金、宋飞:《老年全职太太调查的解读》,载于《中国老年学学会 2006 年老年学学术高峰论 坛汇编》,2006 年。

单彦彦:《关于妇女家庭地位现状的分析与思考——以山东省为例》,《泰安师专学报》,2002 年第 5期。

陶春芳、蒋永萍主编:《中国妇女社会地位概观》,北京:中国妇女出版社,1993 年。 谭林、陈为民:《女性与家庭——社会性别视角的分析》,天津:天津人民出版社,2001 年。

谭林、刘伯红主编:《中国妇女研究十年(1995——2005)》,北京:社会科学文献出版社,2005 年。

谭林主编:《1995——2005 年:中国性别平等与妇女发展报告》,北京:社会科学文献出版社,2006-56-年。

韦慧兰、杨琰:《妇女地位评价指标体系》,《兰州大学学报》,1999 年第 2 期。

吴小英:《科学、文化与性别:女性主义的诠释》,北京:中国社会科学出版社,2001 年。

王艳、姚兆余:《全职太太生存状况研究》,《法制与社会》,2011 年第 10 期。

王政、杜芳琴:《社会性别研究选译》,北京:生活 读书 新知三联书店,1998 年。

徐安琪:《婚姻权力模式:城乡差异及其影响因素》,《台大社会学刊》2001 年第 29 期。

徐安琪,《夫妻权力模式与女性家庭地位满意度研究》,《浙江学刊》2004 年第 1 期。

徐安琪,《女性的家务贡献和家庭地位》,载于孟宪范等主编,《转型社会中的中国妇女》,北 京:中国社会科学出版社,2004 年。

徐安琪:《中国妇女的家庭生活状况》,载于谭林主编:《1995——2005 年:中国性别平等与妇女 发展报告》,北京:社会科学文献出版社,2006 年。

西蒙娜·德·波伏娃:《第二性》,陶铁柱译,北京:中国书籍出版社,2004 年。

杨善华:《城乡家庭——市场经济与非农化背景下的变迁》,浙江:浙江人民出版社,2000 年。

叶文振:《中国女性的社会地位及其影响因素》,《人口学刊》,2003 年第 5 期。

左际平:《从多元视角分析中国城市的夫妻不平等》,《妇女研究论丛》,2002 年第 1 期。

张萍:《中国妇女的现状》,北京:红旗出版社,1995 年。

张晓春:《现代社会都市中家庭主妇的角色》,《中央研究民族学研究所集刊》,1974 年第 37 期。

张莹:《社会性别视角应用研究》,北京:知识产权出版社,2007 年。

郑丹丹:《日常生活与家庭权力——家庭权力自我评价的影响因素分析》,载于蒋永萍主编:《世 纪之交的中国妇女社会地位》,北京:当代中国出版社,2003 年。

2. English part

Behice Erci,”Women’s efficiency in decision making and their perception of their status in the family,Journal of public health nursing,vol.20.no.1.(Feb 2003)

Brabara R Bergmann,”The economic risks of being a housewife”, Journal of American economic review,vol.71.no.2.(May 2001)

Christina K.C.Lee,Sharon E.Beatty,”family srtucture and influnence in family dicision making”,Journal of Consumer Marketing,vol.19.no.1(Feb 1984)

Deepak Raj Paupel, “Housewives’ self-seteem and their husbands’ success”, Himalayan Journal of Sociaology&Antropology, vol.21.no.3(Feb 2010 )

Dvaid M.Heer,”Domiance and the working wife”,Journal of law library. vol42.no.4(Sep 2002)

Linda Bruzotta Nilson, “The social standing of a housewife”, Journal of marriage and family, vol.40 no.3.(Aug 1978)

Felix Buhlmann,”the division of labour among European Couples”, Oxford Journals,vol.26 no.1.(Feb 2009)

Mary Holmes,”Gender and everyday life”, Routledge Park Press, 2009
Mariame Ferber, “the value of housewife’s time”, The Journal of Human Resources,vol.17 no.3(.Jul 1982)

Marial Laura,”I’m not just a housewife:gendered roles and identities in the Home-based hospitality enterprise”, gender,work &organization,vol.15.no.4.(Feb 2008)

MF Layton,”the role of the housewife in marketing system change in transitonal societies:the study of housewives in Central Java”, Journal of American economic review, vol.38.no.2.(May 2001)

Safilios and Rothschild,C.”The Study of Family Power Structure:A Review 1960 to 1969.” Journal of Marriage and the Family,vol. 32.no.4(May 1970)

Warner,R.L.,G.R.Lee ,”Social Organization,Spousal Resources,and Marital Power: A Cross 2 Cultural Study.” Journal of Marriage and the Family .vol.48.no.1(Aug 1986)